Tarihin Birnin Kano a takaice kashi Na Daya (1)


 


Masarautar Hausa ta Kano ta ginu ne bisa dadaddun matsuguni na Dala Hill*(Dutsen Dala)Duk da yake a baya akwai kananan sarakuna a yankin, a cewar Jaridar Kano Chronicle, Bagauda, ​​jika ne ga jarumin tarihin Bayajidda ,. ya zama sarkin Kano na farko ne  a shekara ta 999, yana mulki har zuwa 1063. Muhammad Rumfa ya hau gadon sarauta a 1463 kuma ya yi mulki har zuwa 1499.

A lokacin mulkinsa yayi matukar  gyara gari, ya fadada Gidan Rumfa (Fadar Sarki), sannan ya taka rawar gani sosai wajen kara musuluntar da garin kamar yadda ya bukaci mashahuran mazauna garin su tuba. kasar Hausa ta kasance mai cin gashin kanta har zuwa lokacin da Fulani suka ci tura a shekara ta 1805.

A farkon karni na 19, shugaban Fulani Fulani Shehu Usman dan Fodio ya jagoranci jihadi da ya shafi yawancin arewacin Najeriya, wanda ya haifar da bayyanar Khalifanci a Sakkwato. Kano ta zama lardi mafi girma da ta samu  cigaba a daular. Wannan ya kasance ɗayan manyan ƙungiyoyin bayi na ƙarshe, tare da yawan kaso na yawan bautar bayi tun bayan da aka yanke cinikin bayi na Atlantika.

Heinrich Barth, wani malamin gargajiya wanda ya kwashe shekaru da dama a arewacin Najeriya a cikin shekarun 1850, ya kiyasta cewa yawan bayi a Kano zusu kai aƙalla kashi 50%, yawancinsu ma zaune a ƙauyuka ne. 

Tarihin kano ya bayyana cewa an kafa masarautar kano a matsayin daya daga cikin tsoffin kasashen hausa bakwai ko hausa Bakwai ta Baguada a shekara ta 999. Bagauda jika ne ga Abu yazidu (Bayajda), wanda tatsuniya ta yarda da cewa shine  asalin bahaushen da yasamar da kasar hausa. 

 A lokacin mulkin Gajemasu daga 1095 zuwa 1134, an canza babban birnin masarautar daga Sheme zuwa inda yake yanzu. A cikin 1340s, Malaman Malinke, waɗanda suka samo asali daga Daular Mali suka gabatar da addinin Islama zuwa Kano. Yaji, wanda ya yi mulki daga 1349 zuwa 1385, mai yiwuwa shi ne sarki Musulmi na farko a ƙasar Hausa. 

Dangane da ƙididdigar da ya gabata na 2016 a Nijeriya Jihar Kano tana da yawan jama'a akalla 9,383,682. A hukumance, jihar Kano ce ta fi kowace jiha yawan jama'a a kasar. Hausawa sun fi yawa a cikin jihar.

 


Harshen jihar kano shine yaren hausa, amma ana amfani da yaren fulatanci.

Jihar Kano ta Tarayyar Najeriya ta kasance mai fadi da tsawon; (latitude 130N) 'bangaren  Arewa da 110N a Kudu da kuma (Longitude 80W) a Yamma da 100E a Gabas. Jihar Kano ta kunshi kananan hukumomi arba'in da hudu dasuka hada da: Ajingi, Albasu, Bagwai, Bebeji, Bichi, Bunkure, Dala, Dambatta, Dawakin Kudu, Dawakin Tofa, Doguwa, Gabasawa, Garko, Garun Mallam, Gaya, Gezawa, Gwale , Gwarzo, Kabo, Karaye, Kibiya, Kiru, Kumbotso, Kura, Kunchi, Madobi, Makoda, Minjibir, Kano Municipal, Nassarawa, Rimin Gado, Rogo, Shanono, Sumaila, Takai, Tarauni, Tsanyawa, Tudun Wada, Tofa, Warawa and Wudil. Jimlar fadin jihar Kano kilomita 20,760sq tare da yawan jama'a akalla mutune 9,383,682 (sakamakon wucin gadi na 2006). Wasu kananan hukumomin jihar Jigawa suna daga cikin masarautar Kano kafin kirkirar waccan jihar. 

Birnin kano ya kasance babban birnin jihar kano tun farkon lokacinda aka rubuta. Tana kan latitude 12.000N da kuma longitude 8.300E a cikin yankin tsakiyar savannah na yankin savannah na Afirka ta Yamma kimanin kilomita 840 daga gefen hamadar Sahara. Kano tana da matsakaiciyar tsayi kusan 472.45m sama da matakin teku.